For more information about News About WOCSD please contact Reg Bennett at firstname.lastname@example.org
or at 207-646-8331.
The winter of 2014 will most likely be remembered by
those in Maine as a harsh winter that produced lots of snow and periods of
bone-chilling artic air. Understandably
this cold can be very hard on domesticated cats that have, for a variety of
reasons, been abandoned to survive on their own in the wild.
These ‘feral’ cats and their feral offspring generally
live in colonies not far from human civilization, eating from what food humans
discard and taking shelter where they can. For
these shy felines, avoiding hunger, predators and staying warm is a matter of
To shelter a few local feral cat colonies, John
Cavaretta, a member of the Board of Directors for the Animal Welfare Society (AWS)
in West Kennebunk, asked WJHS Industrial Arts teacher Bob Winn if he and his
students would be interested in building a few feral cat shelters in class. Winn said that his students were very eager
to help out and, as of early February, had completed six for donation to AWS.
On February 7th, two AWS representatives,
Spay and Neuter Coordinator Sharon Secovich and Animal Care Technician Devin
Case, traveled to Wells Junior High School to receive the units.
Winn, who affectionately calls the shelters “Cat
Condos” said this project was made possible with private donations of material
and scrap material. He said the construction
of the shelters took students about a month of in-class time. The two-story shelters are insulated with
vinyl siding and have a shingled roof. There
are first and second floor entrances plus a back door that allows for easy
clean-up. Each shelter will be able to
hold up to six cats who will lay on shavings.
According to a recent press release from AWS, four of
the structures have already been placed at the home of a local feral cat
caretaker whose property is home to two colonies of 30 cats. According
to this individual, the cats quickly began using the structures.
Feral cats are often misunderstood and expanding
feral cat populations pose challenges for local communities. To educate local
animal control officers and others, AWS held an informational seminar last
October to, according to the February 26th release, “…assist towns
in dealing with issues surrounding stray and feral cats and to provide options
on how municipalities can effectively and humanely handle these issues.”
In the above mentioned release Sharon Secovich was
quoted as commenting, “A key component of feral cat colony management is
providing shelter for the cats and this is where the Wells Junior High students
stepped up to the plate,”
Winn believes projects like this are very
beneficial. “I really believe that education should be connected with the
community,” said Winn whose classes have created various items for the
community over the years including 30 wooden trash receptacles for the Town of
Wells in 2012 and parking attendant structures for the Town of Ogunquit several
years ago. “These guys could build a
ranch house,” said Winn speaking of his current students who have been very
busy this year.
WJHS students Jake Lanagan (left)
and Gage Baker loading winter homes for feral cats onto an Animal Welfare
In the front row (l to r): Sharon Secovich of the Animal Welfare Society, Ethan
Huber-Young, James Larmie, Hunter Denis, Andrew Ladlow. Back row ( l to r): Jesse Taylor, Gage Baker,
Jackson Gilliland, Tylor McDonnell, Jacob Lanagan and Bob Winn. Behind Winn is Devin Case of AWS. Classmates missing from the photo are:
Samantha Kucharski, Dylan Punska-Chase, Brian Hayden, Seth Batchelder, and Matt
It is a widely held notion that young children who
are read to frequently at home develop much faster into proficient and
confident readers. According to Wells
Elementary School Math Content Coach Celeste Beaulieu the same principle holds
true for math.
“When parents show an interest in math and make it
part of their everyday family life, and if they do math together, kids become
more successful in math,” commented Beaulieu.
Similar to last November’s Family Literacy Night,
WES held a ‘Math Matters Night’ on February 6th bringing over 200 parents and
their elementary-age children together for a couple of hours of math games and
It was an evening that began with pizza, carrot
sticks and water in the cafeteria. After
dinner, Beaulieu presented a Power Point presentation directed towards
parents. In it she explained the
importance of math and making sure their children are comfortable and confident
in their math abilities.
Beaulieu suggested ways in which parents, and other
family members, can help children understand math concepts primarily through
the use of “good questioning”.
According to Beaulieu, children’s answers to questions such as “How do
you know that?” or “Can you show me?” can not only be surprising but reveal a
child's thinking process. Knowing this
process can enable a parent to be able to support their child at the
appropriate developmental level.
After the presentation, attendees rotated in and out
of ‘math stations’ aptly named Pizza Problem Puzzler, Games-Games-Games, Math
Matters Mysteries and Greg Tang Challenges.
Each station was designed to provide opportunities for parents to ask
questions as well as time to interact and play mathematical activities with
In an interview, Beaulieu indicated the importance
of helping the youngest of students develop their critical thinking skills
which can bring about confidence needed to tackle math problems all the while
knowing that if they make a mistake, it is not failure, but an opportunity to
learn. “It’s nothing bad and it is part
of the learning cycle,” she said.
At the end of the evening, a raffle for a variety of
math related board games was held.
Beaulieu wishes to thank the many staff members who
volunteered their time to help make Math Matters happen. She also wishes to thank Alfredo’s Italian
Pizzeria for discounted pizza, Hannaford for a $25 gift card, Subway for
cookies and the PTSA for the funds needed to purchase prizes and food.
Caption: Winners of Math Matters Night game
prizes: (l to r) Aiden Drew, Charles Okiru, Ava Tavares, Grace Seguin, and Sarah
Caption: Cathy Fox with Brady (left) and Brooks in
the computer classroom at Wells Elementary School on Math Matters Night.
Caption: One of 'Math Matters’ math stations (school
library) named Pizza Problem Puzzlers. This station was all about presenting
word problems to students based upon grade level and common core math
The newly formed Civil Rights Team at Wells Junior
High School (WJHS) held a ‘Be Your Self Week’ for their school from February 3rd
through the 7th. The 10-member group held activities during the
week to educate students and staff about basic human civil rights, to reinforce
the notion that all students are unique and diverse to varying degrees and to
stress the importance of respecting others while striving to be one’s self.
As part of their anti-bias mission, the team made a
presentation at lunch times on Monday, met with faculty and staff on Tuesday, sponsored
a parent evening Wednesday, featured Dress Like Yourself Day on Thursday, and
held Hat Day on Friday. They also
created a display on a bulletin board that the team has been given to promote
The centerpiece of the week was a school wide assembly
in the Ward Gymnasium on the morning of February 6th featuring Brandon
Baldwin, the Coordinator for the Civil Rights Team Project (CRTP) of the Office
of the Maine Attorney General in Augusta.
“Our Civil Rights Team chose to have “Be Yourself
Week” because we know that unfortunately, schools, even our school, is not a
place where individuals always feel comfortable being themselves,” said Assistant
WJHS Principal Robert Griffin in introducing Mr. Baldwin.
During his presentation, Baldwin, a mentor to over
150 civil rights school teams across Maine, showed a cartoon on bias. “I
believe the cartoon in Mr. Baldwin’s presentation showed students and staff
that things such as race, ethnicity, and things that make us all individuals, should
not be dividing lines between us,” commented Griffin. “We can all learn to accept people as the
individuals they are.”
Baldwin also spoke on such topics as the development
of the human brain in adolescence. And
like the team, he hammered home the importance of being one’s self to students
as they grow into adults. Towards the
end of his presentation, Baldwin asked the members of the Civil Rights Team to
stand up and be recognized by their peers and school staff members.
“I feel like this assembly went really well and our
school will have a better understanding of the Civil Rights Project and what
we’re trying to do to help,” said Civil Rights Team member and seventh grade
student Daisy Aromando. Another team
member, 5th grader Kate Pinette added, “Well, I thought it was
really cool because some people didn't know what civil rights meant and Brandon
Baldwin did an awesome job explaining it to everybody”. The team has two in-school advisors including
Assistant Principal Griffin and Guidance Counselor Kristie Soucy.
“I am truly energized by the students on the Civil
Rights Team,” commented Soucy. “They are
a positive and energetic group. The
assembly furthered our message as a team and has given us a jumping off point
to continue this work in our school.”
According to Griffin, the Civil Rights Team at WJHS will
meet twice a month. Some of those
meetings will involve studying the school’s social climate and examining
various student issues that may border on civil rights issues. Griffin indicated the group will also “plan
events, make posters and create technology presentations”.
“I think the ‘be yourself’ message is an important
message for adolescents to hear,” said Baldwin in an interview after the
assembly. “I think the students in
grades five, six, seven and eight have a hard time being themselves…”
When asked if students feel alone in their effort to
be themselves Baldwin commented. “The
great irony of adolescence, of course, is that they are all going through it. They
are the furthest thing from alone but it very much feels like they are.”
As part of her comments on the success of the assembly
Soucy added, “Our audience was completely engaged throughout the entire
assembly. Brandon did such a beautiful
job sharing the message of being yourself and how hard that can be, especially
as a student in Middle School.”
Caption: Brandon Baldwin introduces members of the
WJHS Civil Rights Team. Standing in front and facing the audience are (l to r) Kate
Pinette, Hannah Wrigley, Daisy Aromando, Kai Rosenberg, Ben Stevens, Jon Box,
Givon McLean, Brenda Griffin, John Keniston, and Alyssa Bacon.
Members of the WJHS Civil Rights Team (l to r): Brandon Baldwin, Brenda Griffin, Ben Stevens,
Daisy Aromando, Alyssa Bacon, Kai Rosenberg, and Robert Griffin. Front row:
Kristie Soucy, John Keniston, Kate Pinette, Hannah Wrigley, Givon McLean,
and Jon Box.
On January 22nd, WMTW Channel
8 TV Meteorologist Mallory Brooke and crew visited Wells Junior High School to
broadcast several early morning weather forecasts live via satellite
transmission to Channel 8 as part of the television station’s “Weather At Your
Produced were two broadcasts per
half hour beginning at 4:30 a.m. and ending at 7:00 a.m. They featured Brooke tag teaming the weather
with fellow Meteorologist Matt Zidle who was back in studio. Following these broadcasts, Brooke visited a
classroom to make a presentation to almost two dozen students and staff.
A video about weather forecasting produced
at Channel 8 was shown followed by a computer presentation and discussion about
various aspects of Brooke’s job. She talked
about the resources she has available to make forecasts including information
from the National Weather Service, observations from area airports and weather balloons,
satellite data, computer generated weather models, prior personal experience,
intuition and education.
“It’s wonderful. I love coming to speak to different students
across the state,” said Brooke, who added that this was her second visit to
WJHS with the first being last March.
“It’s always fun. I love getting
questions from the kids and I love forecasting with them. That they can see how
we forecast visually is really important.”
Brooke, who is from New Jersey, has
been with WMTW, Channel 8 since August of 2011.
As of May of this year, she will have been a television meteorologist
for 6 years. Brooke holds a B.S. Degree
in Meteorology from Pennsylvania State University.
At WJHS with Brooke was photojournalist
Jared Bechard and satellite truck operator Keith Kettlehut. A short video of Brooke’s visit to WJHS was
also produced and shown later on Channel 8 News and Weather.
Caption: Talking with students at Wells Junior High
School on January 22, 2014 is Mallory Brooke from WMTW Channel 8 News and
A proposed cooperative program between the Town of
Ogunquit and Wells High School to motivate student interest in career
opportunities with local town government took an important step forward January
24th as town officials met with seven Wells High School students and
two WHS staff members in Ogunquit.
Department heads and staff sat down with students in
the Dunaway Center for a ‘meet and greet’ and a discussion about the inner
workings of town government and the people who head the various departments
within the municipality.
Following the round table session, students and town
staff broke off into groups for more discussions and tours of town facilities
and departments. There was also a tour included
of the former Ogunquit Village School where one of the student visitors said he
attended about 10 years ago.
This is all part of an idea generated by Ogunquit
Town Manager Tom Fortier and Town Recording Secretary Maryann Stacy to interest
students in job shadowing and possible internships and summertime employment.
“It is our hope that this program will be a way of
keeping residents who have grown-up locally to build a future here,” commented
Fortier. “It is our goal to provide
students with an opportunity, a path some students may never have considered
otherwise. This is at the root of
maintaining the history, culture and relationships we believe are key for a
close, connected and dedicated community.
It’s all very exciting.”
“We were very pleased with the size of the group
that came,” commented Stacy. “All of the
kids were wonderful, they showed enthusiasm and insight with the questions they
asked, and the Town department heads were all very impressed. According to Stacy, this program will be
Other officials and staff present included Code
Enforcement Officer Scott Heyland, Assistant Assessor Barbara Kinsman, Police Officer
Anthony Dumont, Fire Chief Mark O’Brien, Firefighter/Paramedic Scot Bourque, Firefighter/Paramedic
Brian Roy, Transfer Station Manager John Fusco, and Harbor Master Fred
“I think it was a tremendous opportunity for our students,”
commented WHS Principal Jim Daly. “Our students enjoyed hearing the Ogunquit
town leaders talk about leadership and town programs. Mr. Fortier and his staff did an outstanding
job providing opportunities for our kids.
We look forward to expanding these programs in the future.”
Accompanying the students to the meeting in Ogunquit
were faculty members Jay Moore and Tim Roche. Students attending included (in alphabetical
order) Chris Arsenault, Tyler Bartlett, Kasey Bullard, Chris Carney, Dan Charpentier,
Nicholas Cousins, Brandon Cox, and Ryan Shackford.
Ogunquit occupies just four square miles with an
assessed property value of $1.4 billion.
The town’s population varies from 1,200 in winter to 30,000 in
summer. There are eight town departments
including Police, Fire, Public Works, Transfer Station, Land Use, Harbor
Master, Visitor Services, General Government (Town Clerk/Treasurer).
Caption: Front row (l to r) are: Nicholas Cousins, Ogunquit Town Manager Tom
Fortier, Ryan Shackford, Tyler Bartlett, Chris Carney, Brandon Cox. Back Row:
Dan Charpentier, Kasey Bullard, Chris Arsenault.
are some of the Town of Ogunquit officials and staff who met with WHS students in
the Dunaway Center on January 24th.
They include (l to r) Harbormaster Fred Mayo, Town Manager Thomas Fortier,
Recording Secretary Maryann Stacy, Firefighter/Paramedic Brendan Walker and
Assistant Assessor Barbara Kinsman.
Standing is Firefighter/ Paramedic Scott Bourque.
According to Wells-Ogunquit CSD
Superintendent Ellen Schneider, information has been gathered and meetings held
by several sub-committees in recent months to plan and guide the WHS Renovation
Project as it moves forward toward construction. These sub-committees
include: Educational, Technology, Interior/Exterior
Design, Energy, Sustainability & Maintenance, Performing Arts, Athletic
Space and Public Relations.
The Educational Sub-Committee continues to establish
the layout and needs of the high school’s classrooms. The group is also designing administrative
offices and clarifying common areas, teacher work and custodial spaces. In addition, sub-committee members have been
meeting with safety experts to design new safety features to be a part of the
renovations and additions.
Meanwhile, the Technology Sub-Committee has met with
teachers to begin envisioning what will be needed and available for technology
within the next two years. At this time
teachers have developed a list of their technology related needs.
At their first meeting, the Interior/Exterior Design
Sub-Committee was brought up to date on the future layout of the high
school. Discussions have focused on common
areas for students including lighting and natural views in these spaces. Also discussed was the use of movable walls for
some classrooms. The Superintendent and WHS
Principal Jim Daly will inspect other buildings which are currently utilizing
such walls to determine viability of moveable wall use and acoustical levels. Classroom design and student and faculty
restrooms were also discussed.
According to Superintendent Schneider, studies have
been commissioned to explore possible energy sources including geothermal,
photovoltaics, and natural gas. Once
those studies have been completed findings will be shared and discussed with
the Energy, Sustainability & Maintenance Sub-Committee. Efforts have also been made to review the
availability of Federal grants and third party funding to help with the costs
of implementing desired alternative energy systems.
In other developments, school officials met with representatives
from the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) in a public informational
meeting at the Wells High School Auditorium on January 14th to
review the site plan for public comment prior to submission of the DEP permit
application. Once the DEP application is
completed, the site plan will be reviewed with local planning and zoning
In addition, studies about school parking and
on-campus traffic flow have been completed and will be studied. Also initial discussions with the Wells Fire
Department have taken place to review existing water lines and pressures for
the new fire protection system to be installed during school renovations. Local utility companies have been contacted
by project engineers to review new power installations, possible energy rebate
programs, and scheduling of new power services.
In the near future sub-committee meetings will
include review of the proposed athletic and performing arts facilities. A goal is to have all of the schematic design
work completed by the end of January with design development started and completed
by the end of February.
Caption: An architectural view of how Wells High
School may look following a major upcoming renovation project planned for Wells
High School. Image courtesy of Lavllee
One of three Winter Color Guard teams in
Wells-Ogunquit CSD is embarking on a big adventure this winter by preparing to
compete at the Winter Guard International (WGI) regional competition on
February 8th at Salem High School in Salem, Massachusetts. According to Color Guard Coach Bailey Smith, the
‘Scholastic A Team’ is also making local history by being the first winter color
guard team from Wells-Ogunquit CSD to compete at the international level.
Even though Winter Color Guard season does not start
until March, the Scholastic A Team has been practicing their routine for this
challenge for several months at various locations within the District. The
team’s routine for the competition is timed and set to Christmas Eve/Sarajevo by
“This is a group of 12 very talented young ladies
who have been working since November on an extremely difficult show,” shared
Smith who added that the team has been practicing three times per week for this
event. It was Smith who was instrumental
in getting the winter color guard program going in the District in the winter
“Going to WGI…is a really great opportunity,”
commented team’s Captain Adrienne Perron. “This is the fourth year our school has had a
winter guard team, and it's really cool that we have gotten to the point where
we are already good enough to go.”
“Winter Guard International is such an amazing
opportunity for us,” commented Co-Captain Emilee Wooldridge who believes the
team has “grown and advanced so much” since the team’s first season. “Four years ago we never would've thought
we'd ever get a chance to perform on this level.”
Currently there are numerous winter color guard
teams in Maine. The Maine Band Directors
Association (MBDA) sponsors regional in state competitions for these teams.
“Our program is continuing to grow,” observed Smith
who added that the winter color guard program has two teams at Wells High
School and one at Wells Junior High School.
According to Smith, her teams will be hosting performances
this year beginning in March with the MBDA Winter Guard Competition to take
place on Sunday, March 16th at 1:00 p.m. in the Ronco Gymnasium at
Wells High School.
Winter Guard teams “create their own show using
recorded music, dance, flags, and other visual props,” commented Smith. Smith’s
team assistants are Dianah Shelley and Amy Cashman.
In preparation for their debut WGI performance, the Scholastic
A Team will be performing a “sneak peek” in the Ronco Gymnasium at Wells High School
on February 7th at 8:00 p.m. This
event is open to the public and free of charge. The group will perform their show twice (each
run is approximately 5 minutes long). Please come and wish them luck before they
head off to competition.
In alphabetical order the Scholastic A Team consists
of Mallory Cashman, Samantha Chase, Sarah Clawson, Anna Libby, Emily Mott, Courtney
Nilosek, Adrienne Perron, Hannah Rhodes, Isabella White, Emilee Wooldridge,
Scholastic A Team: In the back row (l
to r) Grace Wright, Courtney Nilosek, Hannah Rhodes, Mallory Cashman. Left Side: (top) Emilee Wooldridge and
Adrienne Perron. Right side: (top) Sarah
Clawson and Samantha Chase. Front row:
(l to r) Anna Libby and Emily Mott.
Team member missing from the photo: Isabella White.
A Team practicing a routine that they will perform at Winter Guard
International (WGI) on February 8th.
Winter Color Guard Team Captain and Wells High School sophomore Adrienne
Perron (left) and Co-Captain Emilee Wooldridge, a senior at WHS.
A ‘Celebrity Chef Display Cooking
Event’, also known as Celebrity Chef Day, was held over a two day period
beginning January 15th at Wells High School and on January 16th
at Wells Junior High School. Celebrity
chefs preparing Asian style stir fry lunches at WHS included English teacher
Andy Lopez, Activities Director Jack Molloy, substitute teacher Janet Weaver
and Nutritional Services Director Tyler Goodwin. At WJHS, chefs included Superintendent Ellen
Schneider, Principal Chris Chessie, Assistant Principal Robert Griffin and Tyler
Goodwin. Lunch goers in both the HS Warrior Café and the
JH Raider Café each had their choice of eight vegetables along with strips of
chicken, steamed brown rice and two sauces.
Caption: (left to right) Assistant
Principal Robert Griffin, Superintendent Ellen Schneider, Principal Chris
Chessie, Nutritional Services Director Tyler Goodwin (with hat) and Jan Tessier
serving students Asian style stir fry made to order at WJHS on January 16,
Caption: (l to r) Assistant
Principal Robert Griffin, Superintendent Ellen Schneider, Principal Chris
Chessie and Nutritional Services Director Tyler Goodwin.
Eighth grade student
Quentin Curtiss earned first place in the 2014 Geography Bee at Wells Junior
High School on January 14th. Curtiss emerged the winner over seventh grade
student Matt Chase, the 2013 winner of this contest, by knowing correct answers
to all three questions presented to them in the final championship round. Seventh grade student Logan Worthley and sixth
grader Max Gates tied for third place before the final round.
There were 10 students
competing in this early morning competition presented in the Ward Gymnasium in
front of 5th through 8th grade students, parents and
school staff. The process to choose
these 10 students began earlier with geography bees held in classrooms followed
by one semi-final round. This process
allowed for all students to have the chance to participate.
This is but one of
thousands of geography bees held at the local level of the annual National
Geographic Bee sponsored by the National Geographic Society in Washington,
Chase, will now serve
as Curtiss’ back-up at the state geography bee to be held at one of the
campuses of the University of Maine in April.
However, Curtiss and other school
winners will still have to take a 75 question test to qualify for the state
bee. Winners of state level
competitions are invited to compete in May in Washington, D.C. at the National
Geography Bee which features the top prizes of a $50,000 scholarship plus a
trip to the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean almost 600 miles off the
coast of Ecuador.
It is the National
Geographic Society that provides participating schools with questions,
supplies, rules, guidelines, and prizes.
At the local level the Wells-Ogunquit CSD also helps make the event possible. “We thank the WOCSD for supporting the
National Geographic Bee each year with money for the entrance fee and prizes,”
commented Social Studies teacher Bonnie Dill, who is also the Geography Bee’s
organizer and moderator.
Dill wishes to thank
all the social studies teachers who held classroom bees, Lynn Mercier and Susie
Dugovic (for being score keepers), and Dan MacLeod (the time keeper), custodian
Mike Provencher and other staff. “Thank
you to the student body for being an excellent audience and for making signs in
support of their classmates,” she added.
According Dill, each of
the 10 contestants received a certificate, a globe squishy ball and a Toblerone
Swiss chocolate bar. The first runner-up
also received a student atlas while the winner received a globe and a
Caption: Front row (l
to r): Ben Campbell, Covy Dufort, Kate
Pinette and Max Gates. Back Row (l to r): Paige Raymond, Paula Kaszynski, Matt Chase
(1st runner-up), Quentin Curtiss (winner), Logan Worthley and Shawn Ouellette
In the final round, Matt Chase (facing the camera) and Quentin Curtiss
(behind Chase) face off with three questions.
Each student answered the questions by writing on a white board. At the
podium is WJHS Social Studies Teacher Bonnie Dill who moderated and organized
the bee. Whoever answers most of the
three correctly, is declared the winner of the school bee. To the right of Dill is Dan MacLeod and at
far right is Susie Dugovic
Wells High School presented its second of three
‘Breakfast of Champions’ for the 2013-2014 school year on December 20th. Seven students and nine staff members were
invited to this event and honored for their positive contributions to the
learning and social environment at Wells High School.
Receiving a certificate and a t-shirt from WHS
Principal Jim Daly and Activities Director Jack Molloy were (in alphabetical
order) Ms. Sherri Anderson-Wormwood, Charlie Bell, Christopher “Cody” Brassard,
Mrs. Nancy Cotty, Mr. Shane Daly, Mr. Marcus Desveaux, Mrs. Brenda Dyer, Mr.
Timothy Ericson, Mr. Jason Hludik, Bailey Marsh, Mr. Jay Moore, Mr. Michael
Richards, Aaron Rogers, Kayla Schneider, Elizabeth Thompson, and Emilee
To be invited as a ‘Champion’ to the breakfast, one
has to be nominated by a coach, teacher or other staff member. Breakfast of Champions was instituted at the
school by WHS Principal Jim Daly in 2007.
It is organized by Mr. Daly and Secretary Lil Lagasse.
WHS students and staff recognized during a Breakfast of Champions on
December 20, 2013 are (l to r) Shane Daly, Marcus Desveaux, Elizabeth Thompson,
Mr. Timothy Ericson, Mr. Jay Moore, Ms. Sherri Anderson-Wormwood, Mr. Michael
Richards, Christopher “Cody” Brassard, Charlie Bell, Mrs.
Brenda Dyer, Mr. Jason Hludik, Kayla Schneider, and Bailey Marsh